POLY CYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens(male hormones)in female


  • PCOS includes irregular or no menstrual periods or heavy periods ,excess body and facial hair ,acne,pelvic pain,difficulty getting pregnancy and patches of thick darker velvety skin.
  • Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes ,obesity ,obstructive sleep apnea,heart disease,mood disorder and endometrial cancer.
  • PCOS  is due to a combination of genetic and environmental  factors 

RISK FACTORS includes obesity,lack of physical exercise  and family history of PCOS

  • Treatment may involves lifestyle changes,such as weight loss and exercise
  • PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder among women between the ages of 18-44
  • Most common cause of infertility is PCOS.


  • MENSTRUAL DISORDERS :PCOS mostly produce oilgomenorrhoea (fewer than 9 menstrual periods in a year)or amenorrhoea(no menstruation for 3-4 consecutive months) even it may produce hypermenorrhoea(heavy and prolonged menstrual periods).
  • INFERTILITY  : results directly from chronic anovulation
  • HIGH LEVELS OF MASCULINIZING HORMONE  known as hyperandrogenism,the most common signs are acne and hirsutism(male patternof hair groeth on chin and chest)
  • ANDROGENIC ALOPECIA(Hair thinning or diffuse hair loss)
  • METABOLIC SYNDROME tendency towards central obesity associated with insulin  resistance.