TINNITUS is a noise in the ear or head .TINNITUS may occur with a benign disease , or it may be a warning signal of a serious disorder which needs to be diagnosed by through investigations. TINNITUS is one of the most difficult symptoms to treat,it may be persists even after the aliments causing it has been cured. TINNITUS may be unilateral or bilateral ,it may be classified as
SUBJECTIVE TINNITUS :
When a sound like ringing ,whistling or roaring is heard by the patients without The existence of such a sound it is called TINNITUS.This is an auditory hallucination ,is reserved for those conditions where an individual hears voices and sentences due to functional disturbances
is heard not only by the patients, but also by the examiner
INTERMITTENT :tinnitus may be continous or intermittent ,with long or short irregular intervals of Absence of tinnitus
CONTINUOUS tinnitus is present all the time
FLUCTUANT tinnitus may vary in intensity .it is more marked when the patients is emotionally protruded or when he is in a quiet atmosphere ,as at night
PITCH of tinnitus may be high or low ,sometimes the pitch may vary
TINNITUS WITH DEAFNESS
LOCAL :any disease of theear which can cause deafness may also produce tinnitus
GENERAL :all the general causes of deafness may also be responsible for tinnitus
TINNITUS WITHOUT DEAFNESS
TINNITUS may occur without deafness in conditions llike anaemia,hypertension ,hypotension and carious teeth or impacted wisdom tooth.
FUNCTIONAL :Emotional factors may cause tinnitus,but tinnitus itself may lead to anxiety and depression
Clicking temporomandibular joint,aneurysm and arteriovenous shunt around the ear,intracranial vascular tumours,live insects in the ear,clonic contractions of the palatal or tympanic muscles and patulous Eustachian tube.